Starting a Truck or Transportation business in NJ or PA

Many of our customers have questions about what to do to begin and interstate transportation business.  So we have compiled the following factual information with the help of the FMCSA.

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§385.301 What is a motor carrier required to do before beginning interstate operations?
(a) Before a motor carrier of property or passengers begins interstate operations, it must register with FMCSA and receive a USDOT Number. In addition, for-hire motor carriers must obtain operating authority from FMCSA, unless exclusively providing transportation exempt from the commercial registration requirements in 49 U.S.C. chapter 139. Both the USDOT Number and operating authority are obtained by following registration procedures described in 49 CFR part 390, subpart E. Part 365 of this chapter provides detailed instructions for obtaining operating authority.

(b) This subpart applies to motor carriers domiciled in the United States and Canada.

(c) The regulations in this subpart do not apply to a Mexico-domiciled motor carrier. A Mexico-domiciled motor carrier of property or passengers must register with FMCSA by following the registration procedures described in 49 CFR parts 365, 368 and 390. Parts 365 (for long-haul carriers) and 368 (for commercial zone carriers) of this chapter provide detailed information about how a Mexico-domiciled motor carrier may obtain operating authority.

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§385.301T   What is a motor carrier required to do before beginning interstate operations?
(a) Before a motor carrier of property or passengers begins interstate operations, it must register with the FMCSA and receive a USDOT number. In addition, for-hire motor carriers must obtain operating authority from FMCSA following the registration procedures described in 49 CFR part 365, unless providing transportation exempt from 49 CFR part 365 registration requirements.
(b) This subpart applies to motor carriers domiciled in the United States and Canada.
(c) A Mexico-domiciled motor carrier of property or passengers must register with the FMCSA by following the registration procedures described in 49 CFR part 365 or 368, as appropriate. The regulations in this subpart do not apply to Mexico-domiciled carriers.

§385.303   How does a motor carrier register with the FMCSA?
A motor carrier registers with FMCSA by completing Form MCSA-1, the URS online application which is available at http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/urs. Complete instructions for the Form MCSA-1 also are available at the same location.

§385.303T   How does a motor carrier register with the FMCSA?
A motor carrier may contact the FMCSA by internet (www.fmcsa.dot.gov); or Washington, DC headquarters by mail at, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 1200 New Jersey Ave. SE., Washington, DC 20590-0001; fax 202-366-3477; or telephone 1-800-832-5660, and request the application materials for a new entrant motor carrier. Forms can also be downloaded from https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/registration/registration-forms. A motor carrier which does not already have a USDOT number must apply online via the Unified Registration System (URS) at www.fmcsa.dot.gov/urs.

§385.305   What happens after the FMCSA receives a request for new entrant registration?
(a) The applicant for new entrant registration will be directed to the FMCSA Internet Web site (http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov) to secure and/or complete the application package online.
(b) The application package will include the following:
(1) Educational and technical assistance material regarding the requirements of the FMCSRs and HMRs, if applicable.
(2) Form MCSA-1—FMCSA Registration/Update (USDOT Number—Operating Authority Application). This form is used to obtain both a USDOT Number and operating authority.
(c) Upon completion of the application form, the new entrant will be issued an inactive USDOT Number. An applicant may not begin operations nor mark a commercial motor vehicle with the USDOT Number until after the date of the Agency’s written notice that the USDOT Number has been activated. Violations of this section may be subject to the penalties under §392.9b(b) of this chapter.
(d) Additional requirements for certain for-hire motor carriers. For-hire motor carriers, unless providing transportation exempt from the commercial registration requirements in 49 U.S.C. chapter 139, must obtain operating authority as prescribed under §390.201(b) and part 365 of this chapter before operating in interstate commerce.

§385.305T   What happens after the FMCSA receives a request for new entrant registration?
(a) The requester for new entrant registration will be directed to the FMCSA Internet Web site (www.fmcsa.dot.gov) to secure and/or complete the application package online.
(b) The application package will contain the following:
(1) Educational and technical assistance material regarding the requirements of the FMCSRs and HMRs, if applicable.
(2) The Form MCS-150, The Motor Carrier Identification Report.
(3) Application forms to obtain operating authority under 49 CFR part 365, as appropriate.
(c) Upon completion of the application forms, the new entrant will be issued a USDOT number.
(d) For-hire motor carriers, unless providing transportation exempt from 49 CFR part 365 registration requirements, must also comply with the procedures established in 49 CFR part 365 to obtain operating authority before operating in interstate commerce.

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